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Evaluation of Peak Current Polarity Retrieved by the ZEUS Long-Range Lightning Monitoring System

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4 Author(s)
Carlos A. Morales ; Departamento de Ciencias Atmosfericas, Sao Paulo Univ. ; Emmanouil N. Anagnostou ; Earle Williams ; J. Stanley Kriz

This letter presents the first assessment of a newly developed polarity retrieval scheme augmenting a very low frequency (VLF) long-range lightning detection network (named ZEUS). The polarity scheme uses extremely low frequency (ELF) in conjunction with the VLF waveform. The measured ELF signal is compared with the simulated ELF signal to extract the polarity sign. This comparison also produces correlation coefficients that are used to assign four confidence index categories on the polarity sign. This letter presents polarity results for a period of ZEUS network operation from November 26 to December 15, 2004. Assessment of the polarity measurements is conducted through comparisons against the Brazilian lightning network Rede Integrada Nacional de Detecccedilatildeo de Descargas Atmosfeacutericas (RINDAT) that uses a well-established lightning location technology. Contingency test analysis shows that algorithm performance is consistent with the assigned confidence level, e.g., at medium confidence level, the algorithm has a 5% bias, whereas at high level, perfect agreement is shown with RINDAT. Peak current strength was found not to influence the accuracy of the polarity retrieval

Published in:

IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 1 )