By Topic

A Digitally Programmable A/D Converter for Smart Sensors Applications

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
J. M. Dias Pereira ; Escola Superior de Tecnologia de Setubal, Instituto Politecnico de Setubal ; Octavian Postolache ; P. M. B. Silva Girao

Nonlinear analog-to-digital conversion in smart sensor applications is an important topic since signal digitization and linearization can be performed in a single step near the transducer. In this paper a double pulsewidth modulated (PWM) scheme for nonlinear analog-to-digital conversion is presented. Calibration or auto-calibration data stored in the smart sensor's memory define the nonlinear profile characteristic of the transducer and provide the required data to obtain the inverse function of the analog-to-digital converter (ADC) transfer curve. Basically, as a function of the transducer's nonlinearity degree, the input voltage range of the ADC is segmented in a continuous set of subintervals and, for each of these subintervals, a second-order correction term based on a PWM A/D conversion is used to obtain a linear characteristic for the smart sensor. Additional advantages of this method result from its easy implementation in low-cost microcontrollers that include generally comparator inputs and PWM outputs. A flexible and programmable A/D conversion solution can be dynamically adapted to variations of the transducer's nonlinearity profile, and an increased resolution can be achieved at the expense of a lower conversion rate. Some MATLAB simulations and experimental results obtained with a square-root airflow transducer will be presented in the final part of the paper

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 1 )