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Ultra-Low-Power Interface Chip for Autonomous Capacitive Sensor Systems

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4 Author(s)

Traditionally, most of the sensor interfaces must be tailored towards a specific application. This approach results in a high recurrent design cost and time to market. On the other hand, generic sensor interface design reduces the costs and offers a handy solution for multisensor applications. This paper presents a generic sensor interface chip (GSIC), which can read out a broad range of capacitive sensors. It contains capacitance-to-voltage converters, a switched-capacitor amplifier, an analog-to-digital converter, oscillators, clock generation circuits and a reference circuit. The system combines a very low-power design with a smart energy management, which adapts the current consumption according to the accuracy and speed requirements of the application. The GSIC is used in a pressure and an acceleration monitoring system. The pressure monitoring system achieves a current drain of 2.3 muA for a 10-Hz sample frequency and an 8-bit accuracy. In the acceleration monitoring system, we measured a current of 3.3 muA for a sample frequency of 10 Hz and an accuracy of 9 bits

Published in:

Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Jan. 2007

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