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Flexible Skew-Symmetric Shape Model for Shape Representation, Classification, and Sampling

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2 Author(s)
Baloch, S.H. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng, North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC ; Krim, H.

Skewness of shape data often arises in applications (e.g., medical image analysis) and is usually overlooked in statistical shape models. In such cases, a Gaussian assumption is unrealistic and a formulation of a general shape model which accounts for skewness is in order. In this paper, we present a novel statistical method for shape modeling, which we refer to as the flexible skew-symmetric shape model (FSSM). The model is sufficiently flexible to accommodate a departure from Gaussianity of the data and is fairly general to learn a "mean shape" (template), with a potential for classification and random generation of new realizations of a given shape. Robustness to skewness results from deriving the FSSM from an extended class of flexible skew-symmetric distributions. In addition, we demonstrate that the model allows us to extract principal curves in a point cloud. The idea is to view a shape as a realization of a spatial random process and to subsequently learn a shape distribution which captures the inherent variability of realizations, provided they remain, with high probability, within a certain neighborhood range around a mean. Specifically, given shape realizations, FSSM is formulated as a joint bimodal distribution of angle and distance from the centroid of an aggregate of random points. Mean shape is recovered from the modes of the distribution, while the maximum likelihood criterion is employed for classification

Published in:

Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 2 )