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The effects of responsive eye movement and blinking behavior in a communication robot

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5 Author(s)
Yoshikawa, Y. ; Intelligent Robotics & Commun. Lab., Adv. Telecommun. Res. Inst. Int., Kyoto ; Shinozawa, K. ; Ishiguro, H. ; Hagita, N.
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In face-to-face communication, eyes play a central role, for example in directing attention and regulating turn-taking. For this reason, it has been a central topic in several fields of interaction study. Although many psychology findings have encouraged previous work in both human-computer and human-robot interaction studies, so far there have been few explorations on how to move the agent's eye, including when to move it, for communication. Therefore, it is this topic we address in this study. The impression a person forms from an interaction is strongly influenced by the degree to which their partner's gaze direction correlates with their own. In this paper, we propose methods of controlling a robot's gaze responsively to its partner's gaze and confirm the effect of this on the feeling of being looked at, which is considered to be the basis of conveying impressions using gaze in face-to-face interaction experiments. Furthermore, an additional preliminary experiment with an on-screen agent shows the possibility of using blinking behaviour as another modality for responding to a partner

Published in:

Intelligent Robots and Systems, 2006 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on

Date of Conference:

9-15 Oct. 2006