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Novel high-gain, improved-bandwidth, finned-ladder V-band traveling-wave tube slow-wave circuit design

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2 Author(s)
Kory, C.L. ; ANALEX Corp., NASA Lewis Res. Center, Cleveland, OH, USA ; Wilson, J.D.

In this paper, the three-dimensional electrodynamic simulation code MAFIA (Solution of MAxwell's Equations by the Finite-Integration-Algorithm) is used to investigate methods of increasing the bandwidth and lowering the operating voltage of the ring-plane circuit. Calculations of frequency-phase dispersion, beam on-axis interaction impedance, attenuation, and small-signal gain per wavelength were performed for various geometric variations and loading distributions of the ring-plane TWT slow-wave circuit. Based on the results of the variations, a circuit termed the finned-ladder TWT slow-wave circuit was designed and is compared here to the scaled prototype ring-plane and a conventional ferruled coupled-cavity TWT circuit over the V-band frequency range. The simulation results indicate that this circuit has a much higher gain, significantly wider bandwidth, and a much lower voltage requirement than the scaled ring-plane prototype circuit, while retaining its excellent thermal dissipation properties. The finned-ladder circuit has a much larger small-signal gain per wavelength than the ferruled coupled-cavity circuit, but with a moderate sacrifice in bandwidth

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Electron Devices, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 9 )