By Topic

Four-Terminal P-N-P-N Transistors

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

1 Author(s)
J. J. Ebers ; Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc., Murray Hill, N.J.

The equivalent circuit of a p-n-p-n transistor is obtained. It is demonstrated that a p-n-p transistor and an n-p-n transistor can be connected so that the combination has the same equivalent circuit as the p-n-p-n structure. A simplified circuit is obtained which can be used when the p-n-p-n transistor is connected as a hook-collector transistor. A method of adjusting the current gain of p-n-p-n transistors by external means is given as well as experimental results.

Published in:

Proceedings of the IRE  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 11 )