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Above-Threshold Spectrum of the Radiation Field in Surface-Emitting DFB Lasers

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3 Author(s)
Shams-Zadeh-Amiri, A.M. ; Photonami Corp., Richmond Hill, Ont. ; Li, Wei ; Xun Li

This paper addresses the above-threshold analysis of the amplified spontaneous emission spectrum of the radiation field in surface-emitting distributed feedback (DFB) lasers with a second-order grating. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this paper is the first report in this regard. The analysis takes advantage of the time- and frequency-domain approaches. The essence of this method is obtaining the spectrum of the laser power using the fields in the frequency domain, whereas the above-threshold carrier distribution inside the cavity is obtained by the finite-difference time-domain approach. The use of this approach can be justified by the fact that the wave equations in the time and frequency domains are related by the Fourier transform. Applying this method to the surface-emitting DFB lasers with a second-order grating, the authors will demonstrate that excitation of the radiation field by the interference between the counter-propagating waves inside the cavity provides additional filtering mechanism, which makes the side-mode suppression ratio of the power emitted from the surface different than that from the edge. More importantly, it is shown that the interesting features of a properly designed quarter-wave phase-shifted surface-emitting DFB lasers with a second-order grating can be exploited in the design of transmitters for optical communications

Published in:

Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 1 )