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Co-registration of Bone CT and SPECT Images Using Mutual Information

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3 Author(s)
Tang, L. ; Med. Image Anal. Lab, Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby, BC ; Hamarneh, G. ; Celler, A.

We present an automatic and accurate technique for 3D co-registration of SPECT and CT. The method allows the attenuation correction of SPECT images and fusion of the anatomic details from CT and the functional information from SPECT. Registration was achieved by optimizing the mutual information metric over the parameter space defined by the translation and rotation parameters. To improve the robustness and accuracy of the algorithm, registration was performed in a coarse-to-fine manner. We applied the algorithm on three clinical data sets originating from 1 pelvic and 2 thoracic studies. Validation was done by inspecting the 2D and 3D fusion of the registered images and by observing the convergence in the metric and the transformation parameters. We also evaluated quantitatively the effects of the choice of the parameters, the number of multiresolution levels, and initial misalignment of the paired volumes. Registration of both studies converged close to a final alignment with a maximum translational error of 1.41 mm plusmn 0.78 mm and rotational error of 1.21deg plusmn 0.46deg for the thoracic study and a maximum translational error of 1.96 mm plusmn 1.27 mm and rotational error of 0.57deg plusmn 0.34deg for the pelvic studies. The average computation time on a 3.0 GHz PC was < 4 minutes for the entire registration procedure. We conclude that the algorithm had successfully co-registered the CT and SPECT images

Published in:

Signal Processing and Information Technology, 2006 IEEE International Symposium on

Date of Conference:

Aug. 2006