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A 380 MHz Direct Digital Synthesizer/Mixer With Hybrid CORDIC Architecture in 0.25 μm CMOS

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3 Author(s)
De Caro, D. ; Dept. of Electron. & Telecommun. Eng., Univ. of Napoli "Federico II" ; Petra, N. ; Strollo, A.G.M.

The paper describes the implementation of a 380 MHz, 13 bit, direct digital synthesizer/mixer IC in 0.25mum CMOS technology. The circuit employs an innovative architecture which divides the pi/4 rotation operation required in the quadrature synthesizer/mixers, in three rotations. The first two rotations are implemented by using a CORDIC datapath completely realized in carry-save arithmetic. The directions of the CORDIC rotations are computed in parallel by using a little lookup table, for the first rotation, and a multiply by constant and addition circuit for the second rotation. The final (third) rotation is multiplier-based, in order to reduce the circuit latency and increase the circuit performances. The CORDIC datapath is implemented with a novel approach both at the algorithmic level and at the transistor level. At the algorithmic level the combined employ of sign-extension prevention, overflow prevention and a novel rounding scheme are presented. At the transistor level a design style that jointly uses full-CMOS and DPL to improve the circuit latency is described. The overall circuit performances are very interesting. The synthesizer/mixer IC, realized in a 0.25 mum CMOS technology, has an area occupation of 0.22 mm2 and dissipates 152 mW at 380 MHz with a supply voltage of 2.5 V

Published in:

Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 1 )