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Strategies and Operating Point Optimization of STATCOM Control for Voltage Unbalance Mitigation in Three-Phase Three-Wire Systems

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4 Author(s)
Kuang Li ; Sch. of Electr. Eng., Xi''an Jiaotong Univ. ; Jinjun Liu ; Zhaoan Wang ; Biao Wei

Reactive power control through the static compensator (STATCOM) has gained wide attentions due to its outstanding performance. But for a STATCOM with traditional control strategies, unbalanced utility voltages will greatly affect the performance of the STATCOM and, in severe cases, may even cause the shutdown of the STATCOM for overcurrent protection. This paper proposes novel control strategies to ensure normal operation of STATCOM in three-phase three-wire systems when severe system voltage unbalance occurs and, furthermore, to mitigate voltage unbalance at the point of common coupling (PCC) whether it is caused by the utility or load. The control laws, operation principles, compensation characteristics, and operating point optimization of the proposed control strategies are analyzed and compared in detail. The power flow in the STATCOM and corresponding dc-side voltage-control schemes for these control strategies are also introduced. It is shown that the proposed voltage-controlled current source (VCCS) strategy and modified voltage-controlled voltage source strategy are valid for voltage unbalance compensation, especially the VCCS strategy for low rating under the same performance. Finally, the simulation and experimental investigations were carried out with these three parameter-optimized control strategies, respectively, for light and heavy load conditions. The results verified that the current passing through the STATCOM is under control and the voltage at the PCC is more balanced than before compensation. The compensation performance of the STATCOM is thus proven satisfactory

Published in:

Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Jan. 2007

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