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Super-Capacitor Stacks Management System With Dynamic Equalization Techniques

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4 Author(s)
Rengui Lu ; Dept. of Autom. Meas. & Control, Harbin Inst. of Technol. ; Chunbo Zhu ; Likun Tian ; Qi Wang

Super capacitor has the advantage of quick charge, large power density, and long cycle life. The shortage is the lower energy density compared with electrochemistry batteries. These features make it suitable for a short-distance electric bus used in the city. Because of the capacitance difference between the capacitor cells, after a number of deep discharging/charging cycles, the voltage difference between cells will be enlarged. This will accelerate the aging of the weak super capacitors and affect the output power. So, a management system with an equalization function is essential. In this paper, a practical super-capacitor stacks management system with dynamic equalization techniques is proposed. The function of the management system includes: monitoring the current, voltage, and temperature of the stacks, control of charge, and discharge with equalization online. A switched-capacitor equalization approach is adopted showing a low-cost way to meet the accuracy requirements. The dynamic equalized charging and discharging circuit is described. The algorithm to increase the operation speed and the precision is analyzed. By dynamically redistributing the current, the equalization procedure can be quicker and more efficient. This approach has been verified by experiments

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 1 )