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Plasma-Discharge Stabilization of Jet Diffusion Flames

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4 Author(s)
Wookyung Kim ; Dept. of Mech. Eng., Stanford Univ., CA ; Hyungrok Do ; Mungal, M.G. ; Cappelli, M.A.

The authors examine three different types of plasma discharges in their ability to stabilize a lifted jet diffusion flame in coflow. The three discharges include a single-electrode corona discharge, an asymmetric dielectric-barrier discharge (DBD), and a repetitive ultrashort-pulsed discharge. The degree of nonequilibrium of this pulsed discharge is found to be higher than that for the DBD. Furthermore, this pulsed discharge causes the most significant improvement in the flame stability. The optimal placement of the discharge electrodes is investigated, and it is found that there is a close relation between this placement and the emission spectra, suggesting use of the emission spectra as a possible indicator of fuel/air mixture fraction. The optimal placement is mapped into mixture-fraction space by use of a fully premixed flame experiment of known mixture fraction. The result shows that the mixture fraction, which corresponds to the optimal placement, is much leaner than that of a conventional lifted jet flame

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Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:34 ,  Issue: 6 )