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Phase-Based Dual-Microphone Speech Enhancement Using A Prior Speech Model

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3 Author(s)
Guangji Shi ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of Toronto, Ont. ; Aarabi, P. ; Hui Jiang

This paper proposes a phase-based dual-microphone speech enhancement technique that utilizes a prior speech model. Recently, it has been shown that phase-based dual-microphone filters can result in significant noise reduction in low signal-to-noise ratio [(SNR) less than 10 dB] conditions and negligible distortion at high SNRs (greater than 10 dB), as long as a correct filter parameter is chosen at each SNR. While prior work utilizes a constant parameter for all SNRs, we present an SNR-adaptive filter parameter estimation algorithm that maximizes the likelihood of the enhanced speech features based on a prior speech model. Experimental results using the CARVUI database show significant speech recognition accuracy rate improvement over alternative techniques in low SNR situations (e.g., an improvement of 11% in word error rate (WER) over postfiltering and 23% over delay-and-sum beamforming at 0 dB) and negligible distortion at high SNRs. The proposed adaptive approach also significantly outperforms the original phase-based filter with a constant parameter. Furthermore, it improves the filter's robustness when there are errors in time delay estimation

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Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 1 )