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Development of materials for high temperature superconductor Josephson junctions

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8 Author(s)
Houlton, R.J. ; Supercond. Technol. Center, Los Alamos Nat. Lab., NM, USA ; Reagor, D.W. ; Hawley, M.E. ; Springer, K.N.
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We have conducted a systematic optimization of deposition parameters for fabrication of multilayered oxide films to be used in the development of high temperature superconducting YBa/sub 2/Cu/sub 3/O/sub 7-x/ Superconducting Normal Superconducting junctions. These films were deposited onto <100> MgO substrates by off-axis sputtering using a custom fabricated multi-gun planar magnetron system. Each layer and the various combinations of materials were optimized for: epitaxial lattice match, crystal quality, film uniformity, electrical properties, and surface microstructure. In addition to the standard procedures commonly used to sputter deposit epitaxial oxide films, a variety of unique insitu and exsitu procedures were used to produce high quality multilayer devices, including: using a film nucleation temperature lower than the final film growth temperature, establishing the optimum substrate to target relationship, and timing of the oxygen anneal. Using a lower nucleation temperature when depositing the YBa/sub 2/Cu/sub 3/O/sub 7-x/ allowed us to dramatically improve the crystallinity and orientation of the superconductor on both unprocessed and ion-milled substrates. Completed multilayer devices consistently exhibited resistively shunted Josephson junction behavior in patterned bridges and SQUIDs.<>

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 2 )