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POMDP-Based Coding Rate Adaptation for Type-I Hybrid ARQ Systems over Fading Channels with Memory

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3 Author(s)
Karmokar, A.K. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., British Columbia Univ. ; Djonin, D.V. ; Bhargava, V.K.

We address the issue of optimal coding rate scheduling for adaptive type-I hybrid automatic repeat request wireless systems. In this scheme, the coding rate is varied depending on channel, buffer and incoming traffic conditions. In general, we consider the hidden Markov model for both time-varying flat fading channel and bursty correlated incoming traffic. It is shown that the appropriate framework for computing the optimal coding rate allocation policies is partially observable Markov decision process (POMDP). In this framework, the optimal coding rate allocation policy maximizes the reward function, which is a weighted sum of throughput and buffer occupancy with appropriate sign. Since polynomial amount of space is needed to calculate the optimal policy even for a simple POMDP problem, we investigate maximum-likelihood, voting and Q-MDP policy heuristic approaches for the purpose of efficient and real-time solution. Our results show that three heuristics perform close to completely observable system state case if the fading and/or traffic state mixing rate is slow. On the other hand, when the channel fading is fast, Q-MDP heuristic is the most throughput-efficient among considered heuristics. Also, its performance is close to the optimal coding rate allocation policy of fully observable system state case. We also explore the performances of the proposed heuristics in the bursty correlated traffic case and show that maximum-likelihood and voting heuristics consistently outperform the non-adaptive case

Published in:

Wireless Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 12 )