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A Study of the Effects of Reference Point Density on Toa-Based UWB Indoor Positioning Systems

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4 Author(s)
Muzaffer Kanaan ; Center for Wireless Information Network Studies, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, 01609, USA, ; Ferit Ozan Akgul ; Bardia Alavi ; Kaveh Pahlavan

The performance of ultra-wideband (UWB) indoor positioning systems based on time of arrival (TOA) techniques is generally affected by the density of reference points (RPs), as well as undetected direct path (UDP) conditions. For a fixed number of reference points (RPs), the performance of some indoor positioning algorithms tends to degrade as the size of the area is increased, i.e. the RP density is decreased. In this paper, we evaluate the effects of RP density on the performance of different positioning algorithms in the presence of empirical distance measurement error (DME) models derived from UWB measurements in typical indoor environments. We then present functional relationships between RP density and positioning mean-square error (MSE) for these algorithms. These relationships can be used for more effective indoor positioning system design and deployment. Finally, we investigate the effects of bandwidth with respect to improving the performance of these algorithms

Published in:

2006 IEEE 17th International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications

Date of Conference:

11-14 Sept. 2006