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A Hybrid Approach for Mapping Conjugate Gradient onto an FPGA-Augmented Reconfigurable Supercomputer

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3 Author(s)
Morris, G.R. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Southern California Univ., Los Angeles, CA ; Prasanna, V.K. ; Anderson, R.D.

Supercomputer companies such as Cray, Silicon Graphics, and SRC Computers now offer reconfigurable computer (RC) systems that combine general-purpose processors (GPPs) with field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs). The FPGAs can be programmed to become, in effect, application-specific processors. These exciting supercomputers allow end-users to create custom computing architectures aimed at the computationally intensive parts of each problem. This report describes a parameterized, parallelized, deeply pipelined, dual-FPGA, IEEE-754 64-bit floating-point design for accelerating the conjugate gradient (CG) iterative method on an FPGA-augmented RC. The FPGA-based elements are developed via a hybrid approach that uses a high-level language (HLL)-to-hardware description language (HDL) compiler in conjunction with custom-built, VHDL-based, floating-point components. A reference version of the design is implemented on a contemporary RC. Actual run time performance data compare the FPGA-augmented CG to the software-only version and show that the FPGA-based version runs 1.3 times faster than the software version. Estimates show that the design can achieve a 4 fold speedup on a next-generation RC

Published in:

Field-Programmable Custom Computing Machines, 2006. FCCM '06. 14th Annual IEEE Symposium on

Date of Conference:

24-26 April 2006