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Model Predictive Control for Transparent Teleoperation Under Communication Time Delay

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2 Author(s)
Shahin Sirouspour ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Engineering, McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ont. ; Ali Shahdi

Prior efforts in bilateral teleoperation under communication delay have mainly yielded control algorithms that sacrifice performance in order to guarantee robust stability. In contrast, this paper proposes a multimodel predictive controller that can enhance the teleoperation transparency in the presence of a known constant delay. Separate controllers are designed for free motion/soft contact and contact with rigid environments, with switching between these mode-based control laws occurring according to the identified contact mode. Performance objectives such as position tracking and tool impedance shaping for free motion/soft contact, as well as position and force tracking for contact with rigid environments, are incorporated into a multi-input/multi-output state-space representation of the system dynamics. New Artstein-type state and measurement transformations are proposed to generate delay-free dynamics suitable for output-feedback control, based on the original dynamics with delays in various input and output channels. The application of the continuous-time linear quadratic Gaussian control synthesis to the resulting mode-based delay-free dynamics yields control laws that guarantee closed-loop stability and enhanced performance in each phase of teleoperation. The robustness of the mode-based controllers with respect to parametric uncertainty is analyzed. Experimental results with a single-axis teleoperation setup demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Robotics  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 6 )