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Deployment of an Algorithm for Large-Scale Topology Discovery

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4 Author(s)
Donnet, B. ; Univ. Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris ; Raoult, P. ; Friedman, T. ; Crovella, M.

Topology discovery systems are starting to be introduced in the form of easily and widely deployed software. Unfortunately, the research community has not examined the problem of how to perform such measurements efficiently and in a network-friendly manner. This paper describes several contributions towards that end. These were first presented in the proceedings of ACM Sigmetrics 2005. We show that standard topology discovery methods (e.g., skitter) are quite inefficient, repeatedly probing the same interfaces. This is a concern, because when scaled up, such methods will generate so much traffic that they will begin to resemble distributed denial-of-service attacks. We propose two metrics focusing on redundancy in probing and show that both are important. We also propose and evaluate Doubletree, an algorithm that strongly reduces redundancy, while maintaining nearly the same level of node and link coverage. The key ideas are to exploit the tree-like structure of routes to and from a single point in order to guide when to stop probing, and to probe each path by starting near its midpoint. Following the Sigmetrics work, we implemented Doubletree, and deployed it in a real-network environment. This paper describes that implementation, as well as preliminary favorable results

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Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 12 )