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Detection and Visualization of Defects in 3D Unstructured Models of Nematic Liquid Crystals

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2 Author(s)
Mehta, K. ; Mississippi State Univ., MS ; Jankun-Kelly, T.J.

A method for the semi-automatic detection and visualization of defects in models of nematic liquid crystals (NLCs) is introduced; this method is suitable for unstructured models, a previously unsolved problem. The detected defects - also known as disclinations - are regions were the alignment of the liquid crystal rapidly changes over space; these defects play a large role in the physical behavior of the NLC substrate. Defect detection is based upon a measure of total angular change of crystal orientation (the director) over a node neighborhood via the use of a nearest neighbor path. Visualizations based upon the detection algorithm clearly identify complete defect regions as opposed to incomplete visual descriptions provided by cutting-plane and isosurface approaches. The introduced techniques are currently in use by scientists studying the dynamics of defect change

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Visualization and Computer Graphics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:12 ,  Issue: 5 )