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High-Field Magnetic Resonance Imaging With Reduced Field/Tissue RF Artefacts—A Modeling Study Using Hybrid MoM/FEM and FDTD Technique

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3 Author(s)
Bing Keong Li ; Sch. of Inf. Technol. & Electr. Eng., Queensland Univ., Brisbane, Qld. ; Feng Liu ; Crozier, S.

Due to complex field/tissue interactions, high-field magnetic resonance (MR) images suffer significant image distortions that result in compromised diagnostic quality. A new method that attempts to remove these distortions is proposed in this paper and is based on the use of transceiver-phased arrays. The proposed system uses, in the examples presented herein, a shielded four-element transceive-phased array head coil and involves performing two separate scans of the same slice with each scan using different excitations during transmission. By optimizing the amplitudes and phases for each scan, antipodal signal profiles can be obtained, and by combining both the images together, the image distortion can be reduced several fold. A combined hybrid method of moments (MoM)/finite element method (FEM) and finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) technique is proposed and used to elucidate the concept of the new method and to accurately evaluate the electromagnetic field (EMF) in a human head model. In addition, the proposed method is used in conjunction with the generalized auto-calibrating partially parallel acquisitions (GRAPPA) reconstruction technique to enable rapid imaging of the two scans. Simulation results reported herein for 11-T (470-MHz) brain imaging applications show that the new method with GRAPPA reconstruction theoretically results in improved image quality and that the proposed combined hybrid MoM/FEM and FDTD technique is suitable for high-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) numerical analysis

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Electromagnetic Compatibility, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 4 )