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Spectral-domain covariance estimation with a priori knowledge

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2 Author(s)
Gurram, P.R. ; Qualcomm, Inc., San Diiego, CA ; Goodman, N.A.

A knowledge-aided spectral-domain approach to estimating the interference covariance matrix used in space-time adaptive processing (STAP) is proposed. Prior knowledge of the range-Doppler clutter scene is used to identify geographic regions with homogeneous scattering statistics. Then, minimum-variance spectral estimation is used to arrive at a spectral-domain clutter estimate. Finally, space-time steering vectors are used to transform the spectral-domain estimate into a data-domain estimate of the clutter covariance matrix. The proposed technique is compared with ideal performance and to the fast maximum likelihood technique using simulated results. An investigation of the performance degradation that can occur due to various inaccurate knowledge assumptions is also presented

Published in:

Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 3 )