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InAs-InAsxSb1-x type-II superlattice midwave infrared lasers grown on InAs substrates

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3 Author(s)
Zhang, Yong‐Hang ; Hughes Res. Labs., Malibu, CA, USA ; Miles, R.H. ; Chow, D.H.

This paper reports a detailed study of InAs-InAsxSb1-x type-II superlattice (SL) midwave infrared laser structures, in which the band-to-band radiative transitions are spatially indirect, from extended electron states in the conduction band to relatively localized heavy-hole states in the valence band. Due to the large valence band offset between InSb and InAs, the effective bandgap of InAs-InAsxSb1-x type-II SL can cover a broad infrared wavelength range, from 3.0 μm to far infrared (>10 μm). Under CW optical pumping, stimulated light emission is observed from laser structures consisting of InAs-InAsx Sb1-x type-II SL active regions capped by AlAs0.16 Sb0.84 cladding layers. The operating wavelengths are around 3.4 μm, which is in good agreement with theoretical modeling. The overlap between electron and hole wavefunctions along the growth direction is calculated to be 0.89. Equivalent CW threshold current densities are 3.3 A/cm2 and 56 A/cm2 at sample temperatures of 5 K and 95 K, respectively. The corresponding characteristic temperature (T0) is 32 K. These results demonstrate that the InAs-InAsxSb1-x type-II SL is a very promising candidate material for midwave infrared semiconductor lasers

Published in:

Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 2 )

Date of Publication:

Jun 1995

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