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Development of a Hybrid Electric Vehicle With a Hydrogen-Fueled IC Engine

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3 Author(s)
Xiaolai He ; Texas Tech. Univ., Lubbock, TX ; Maxwell, T. ; Parten, M.E.

The motivation for the use of hydrogen as fuel is that it can be renewable and can reduce emissions. Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles are still likely to be more of a far-term reality because of their high manufacturing cost. A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) with a hydrogen-fueled internal combustion (IC) engine has the potential of becoming a low-emission low-cost practical solution in the near future. This paper describes a standard sport utility vehicle (SUV) that has been converted into a hydrogen-powered HEV. The powertrain utilizes compressed gaseous hydrogen as fuel, a boosted hydrogen IC engine, an induction motor, a hydraulic transmission, regenerative braking, advanced nickel-metal hybrid batteries, and a real-time control system. Tests show that the vehicle can deliver higher fuel economy and much lower emissions than those of a traditional SUV without compromises in performance. This paper presents an overview of the prototype vehicle and emphasizes some of the unique features of this energy-saving clean environment solution

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Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 6 )