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On the Use of Reverberation Chambers to Simulate a Rician Radio Environment for the Testing of Wireless Devices

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6 Author(s)
Holloway, C.L. ; Nat. Inst. of Stand. & Technol., Boulder, CO ; Hill, D.A. ; Ladbury, J.M. ; Wilson, P.F.
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With the proliferation of wireless devices in recent years, there is a growing need to test the operation and functionality of these various devices in different multipath environments, ranging from line-of-sight environment to a pure Rayleigh environment. In this paper we discuss how a reverberation chamber can be used to simulate a controllable Rician radio environment for the testing of a wireless device. We show that by varying the characteristics of the reverberation chamber and/or the antenna configurations in the chamber, any desired Rician K-factor can be obtained. Expressions for the desired K-factor as a function of the chamber and antenna characteristics will be presented. Experimental results are presented to illustrate the validity of these expressions, to show how the reverberation chamber can be used to simulate different multipath environments, and to show the realization of a controlled K-factor test facility. We present both a one-antenna and a two-antenna test configuration approach

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 11 )