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Fuzzy Rank LUM Filters

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2 Author(s)
Yao Nie ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Delaware Univ., Newark, DE ; Kenneth E. Barner

The rank information of samples is widely utilized in nonlinear signal processing algorithms. Recently developed fuzzy transformation theory introduces the concept of fuzzy ranks, which incorporates sample spread (or sample diversity) information into the sample ranking framework. Thus, the fuzzy rank reflects a sample's rank, as well as its similarity to the other sample (namely, joint rank order and spread), and can be utilized to improve the performance of the conventional rank-order-based filters. In this paper, the well-known lower-upper-middle (LUM) filters are generalized utilizing the fuzzy ranks, yielding the class of fuzzy rank LUM (F-LUM) filters. Statistical and deterministic properties of the F-LUM filters are derived, showing that the F-LUM smoothers have similar impulsive noise removal capability to the LUM smoothers, while preserving the image details better. The F-LUM sharpeners are capable of enhancing strong edges while simultaneously preserving small variations. The performance of the F-LUM filters are evaluated for the problems of image impulsive noise removal, sharpening and edge-detection preprocessing. The experimental results show that the F-LUM smoothers can achieve a better tradeoff between noise removal and detail preservation than the LUM smoothers. The F-LUM sharpeners are capable of sharpening the image edges without amplifying the noise or distorting the fine details. The joint smoothing and sharpening operation of the general F-LUM filters also showed superiority in edge detection preprocessing application. In conclusion, the simplicity and versatility of the F-LUM filters and their advantages over the conventional LUM filters are desirable in many practical applications. This also shows that utilizing fuzzy ranks in filter generalization is a promising methodology

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Image Processing  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 12 )