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The miniaturization technologies: past, present, and future

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3 Author(s)
Frazier, B. ; Inst. for Micromanuf., Louisiana Tech. Univ., Ruston, LA, USA ; Friedrich, C. ; Warrington, R.O.

Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), micro systems technologies (MST, primarily in Europe) and micromanufacturing are relatively recent phrases that have become synonymous with the design, development and manufacture of very small devices and systems. This paper overviews the history of the major technologies that are utilized in this field. After this brief historical overview of the technologies, a short description of MEMS technologies, is presented. The current status of the MEMS effort worldwide is reviewed with emphasis on the United States, Japan and in the European community with particular emphasis on Germany, the Netherlands and Switzerland. The future for the technology along with technology transfer and management is discussed from the standpoint of market pull. Bulk and surface micromachining of silicon, X-ray micromachining using the LTCA process, and the complementary processes such as laser and focussed ion beam micromachining are reviewed

Published in:

Industrial Electronics, Control and Instrumentation, 1994. IECON '94., 20th International Conference on  (Volume:3 )

Date of Conference:

5-9 Sep 1994