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A systolic array for approximate string matching

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2 Author(s)
Sastry, R. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., South Florida Univ., Tampa, FL, USA ; Ranganathan, N.

The edit distance between two strings is defined as the minimum cost of a sequence of editing operations (insertions, deletions and substitutions) that convert one string into the other. This paper presents a linear systolic array for computing the edit distance between two strings over a given alphabet. An encoding scheme is proposed which reduces the number of bits required to represent a state in the computation. The architecture is a parallel realization of the standard dynamic programming algorithm proposed by Wagner and Fischer (1974), and can perform approximate string matching for variable edit costs. More importantly, the architecture does not place any constraint on the lengths of the strings that can be compared. It makes use of simple basic cells and requires regular nearest-neighbor communication, which makes it suitable for VLSI implementation. A prototype of this array is currently being built

Published in:

Computer Design: VLSI in Computers and Processors, 1993. ICCD '93. Proceedings., 1993 IEEE International Conference on

Date of Conference:

3-6 Oct 1993