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Passive sonar detection and localization by matched velocity filtering

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3 Author(s)
Chan, Y.T. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., R. Mil. Coll. of Canada, Kingston, Ont., Canada ; Niezgoda, G.H. ; Morton, S.P.

This paper presents a new bearings-only method of detecting and tracking low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) wideband targets on a constant course and velocity trajectory. A track-before-detect strategy based on matched velocity filtering is adopted using spatial images constructed from a sequence of power bearing map (PBM) estimates accumulated during a track. To lower the threshold SNR for detection, a discrete bank of matched velocity filters integrates the PBM images over a range of hypothesized trajectories, such an approach eliminates the need to estimate the number of targets since signal detection is determined by comparing the output of each matched filter (MF) to a decision threshold. The distribution of the MF output is derived based on a single point target in diffuse noise assumption. Receiver operating characteristic curves show a definite detection gain under low SNR conditions for matched velocity filtering (track-before-detect) over detection from a single PBM

Published in:

Oceanic Engineering, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

Jul 1995

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