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Conditional entropy-constrained vector quantization: high-rate theory and design algorithms

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2 Author(s)
de Garrido, D.P. ; IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA ; Pearlman, W.A.

The performance of optimum vector quantizers subject to a conditional entropy constraint is studied. This new class of vector quantizers was originally suggested by Chou and Lookabaugh (1990). A locally optimal design of this kind of vector quantizer can be accomplished through a generalization of the well-known entropy-constrained vector quantizer (ECVQ) algorithm. This generalization of the ECVQ algorithm to a conditional entropy-constrained is called CECVQ, i.e., conditional ECVQ. Furthermore, we have extended the high-rate quantization theory to this new class of quantizers to obtain a new high-rate performance bound. The new performance bound is compared and shown to be consistent with bounds derived through conditional rate-distortion theory. A new algorithm for designing entropy-constrained vector quantizers was introduced by Garrido, Pearlman, and Finamore (see IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol., vol.5, no.2, p.83-95, 1995), and is named entropy-constrained pairwise nearest neighbor (ECPNN). The algorithm is basically an entropy-constrained version of the pairwise nearest neighbor (ECPNN) clustering algorithm of Equitz (1989). By a natural extension of the ECPNN algorithm we develop another algorithm, called CECPNN, that designs conditional entropy-constrained vector quantizers. Through simulation results on synthetic sources, we show that CECPNN and CECVQ have very close distortion-rate performance

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:41 ,  Issue: 4 )