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Bennett's integral for vector quantizers

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2 Author(s)
Na, S. ; Dept. of Electron. Eng., Ajou Univ., Suwon, South Korea ; Neuhoff, D.L.

This paper extends Bennett's (1948) integral from scalar to vector quantizers, giving a simple formula that expresses the rth-power distortion of a many-point vector quantizer in terms of the number of points, point density function, inertial profile, and the distribution of the source. The inertial profile specifies the normalized moment of inertia of quantization cells as a function of location. The extension is formulated in terms of a sequence of quantizers whose point density and inertial profile approach known functions as the number of points increase. Precise conditions are given for the convergence of distortion (suitably normalized) to Bennett's integral. Previous extensions did not include the inertial profile and, consequently, provided only bounds or applied only to quantizers with congruent cells, such as lattice and optimal quantizers. The new version of Bennett's integral provides a framework for the analysis of suboptimal structured vector quantizers. It is shown how the loss in performance of such quantizers, relative to optimal unstructured ones, can be decomposed into point density and cell shape losses. As examples, these losses are computed for product quantizers and used to gain further understanding of the performance of scalar quantizers applied to stationary, memoryless sources and of transform codes applied to Gaussian sources with memory. It is shown that the short-coming of such quantizers is that they must compromise between point density and cell shapes

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:41 ,  Issue: 4 )