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Temperature-independent output voltage generated by threshold voltage of an NMOS transistor

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2 Author(s)
Manku, T. ; Tech. Univ. Nova Scotia, Halifax, NS, Canada ; Wang, Y.

A method for achieving a temperature-independent output voltage using a single n-channel device is presented. The underlying theory is presented with the measurement results. The output voltage was measured to have a temperature coefficient of 13 ppm/°C. Three CMOS process technologies were examined and the output voltage reference was found to vary between 1.17 and 1.18 V

Published in:

Electronics Letters  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 12 )