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Fixed and floating point error analysis of QRD-RLS and STAR-RLS adaptive filters

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2 Author(s)
Raghunath, K.J. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis, MN, USA ; Parhi, K.K.

The QR decomposition based recursive least-squares (RLS) adaptive filtering (referred to as QRD-RLS) algorithm is suitable for VLSI implementation since it has good numerical properties and can be mapped to a systolic array. Recently, a new fine-grain pipelinable STAR-RLS algorithm was developed based on scaled tangent rotation. The pipelined STAR-RLS algorithm, referred to as PSTAR-RLS, is useful for high-speed applications. The stability of QRD-RLS, STAR-RLS and PSTAR-RLS has been proved but the performance of these algorithms in finite-precision arithmetic has not yet been analyzed. The aim of this paper is to determine expressions for the degradation in the performance of these algorithms due to finite-precision. By exploiting the steady-state properties of these algorithms, simple closed-form expressions are obtained which depend only on known parameters. Since floating-point or fixed-point arithmetic representations may be used in practice, both representations are considered in this paper. The results show that the PSTAR-RLS and STAR-RLS algorithms perform better than the QRD-RLS especially in a floating-point representation. The theoretical expressions are found to be in good agreement with the simulation results

Published in:

Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, 1994. ICASSP-94., 1994 IEEE International Conference on  (Volume:iii )

Date of Conference:

19-22 Apr 1994