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Simple algorithms and architectures for B-spline interpolation

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2 Author(s)
Sankar, P.V. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., California Univ., Irvine, CA, USA ; Ferrari, L.A.

It is proved that the Toeplitz binary value matrix inversion associated with mth-order B-spline interpolation can be implemented using only 2(m+1) additions. Pipelined architectures are developed for real-time B-spline interpolation based on simple running average filters. It is shown that an ideal interpolating function, which is approximated by a truncated sinc function with M half cycles, can be implemented using B-splines with M+2 multiplies. With insignificant loss of performance, the coefficients at the knots of the truncated sinc function can be approximated using coefficients which are powers of two. The resulting implementation requires only M+4m+6 additions. It is believed that the truncated sinc function approximated by zero-order B-spline functions actually achieves the best visual performance

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Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 2 )