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Computing time delay and its effects on real-time control systems

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2 Author(s)
Shin, K.G. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; Xianzhong Cui

The reliability of a real-time digital control computer depends not only on the reliability of the hardware and software used, but also on the time delay in computing the control output, because of the negative effects of computing time delay on control system performance. For a given fixed sampling interval, the effects of computing time delay are classified into the delay and loss problems. The delay problem occurs when the computing time delay is nonzero but smaller than the sampling interval, while the loss problem occurs when the computing time delay is greater than, or equal to, the sampling interval, i.e., loss of the control output. These two problems are analyzed as a means of evaluating real-time control systems. First, a generic analysis of the effects of computing time delay is presented along with necessary conditions for system stability. Then, we present both qualitative and quantitative analyses of the computing time delay effects on a robot control system, deriving upper bounds of the computing time delay with respect to system stability and system performance

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Control Systems Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 2 )