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Object recognition in brain CT-scans: knowledge-based fusion of data from multiple feature extractors

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6 Author(s)
Hongyi Li ; Dept. of Electron. Eng., Vrije Univ., Brussels, Belgium ; R. Deklerck ; B. De Cuyper ; A. Hermanus
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Describes a knowledge-based image interpretation system for the segmentation and labeling of a series of 2-D brain X-ray CT-scans, parallel to the orbito-meatal plane. The system combines the image primitive information produced by different low level vision techniques in order to improve the reliability of the segmentation and the image interpretation. It is implemented in a blackboard environment that is holding various types of prior information and which controls the interpretation process. The scoring model is applied for the fusion of information derived from three types of image primitives (points, edges, and regions). A model, containing both analogical and propositional knowledge on the brain objects, is used to direct the interpretation process. The linguistic variables, introduced to describe the propositional features of the brain model, are defined by fuzzy membership functions. Constraint functions are applied to evaluate the plausibility of the mapping between image primitives and brain model data objects. Procedural knowledge has been integrated into different knowledge sources. Experimental results illustrate the reliability and robustness of the system against small variations in slice orientation and interpatient variability in the images

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IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 2 )