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Optical fiber-polymer guide coupling by a tapered graded index glass guide

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4 Author(s)
Sottini, S. ; Istituto di Ricerca sulle Onde Elettromagnetiche, CNR, Firenze, Italy ; Grando, D. ; Palchetti, L. ; Giorgetti, E.

A new four layer tapered coupler (FLTC) has been studied and tested, able to transfer light efficiently from a monomode fiber to a polymer film guide by means of an auxiliary graded index glass waveguide. A simple theory has been developed to calculate the maximum efficiency of these structures. Experiments have been performed, at λ=1.321 μm, on several FLTC samples, containing K+-Na+ ion-exchanged glass waveguides and spin coated poly-3BCMU films. Insertion losses in the range 3-6.5 dB have been measured, depending on the taper configuration. The agreement between theoretical and experimental data is good, provided that a suitable ripple of the taper profile is assumed. The application of the new coupler to future integrated waveguide systems, including passive glass components and polymer based all optical devices, is assessed

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Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 6 )