By Topic

Investigation of very fast and high-current transients in digital bipolar IC's using both a new compact model and a device simulator

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Schroter, M. ; Northern Telecom Electron. Ltd., Nepean, Ont., Canada ; Rein, H.-M.

The design and optimization of high-speed integrated bipolar circuits requires accurate and physical transistor models. For this, an improved version of the compact model HICUM was developed. It is an extension of the small-signal model recently described to the large-signal (transient) case. The model, which takes into account emitter periphery and non-quasi-static (NQS) effects, is semi-physical, allowing the calculation of its elements for arbitrary transistor geometries from specific electrical and technological data. This is an important precondition for transistor optimization in a circuit and for worst case analysis. The model was verified for basic building blocks of high-speed digital circuits like emitter follower and current switch. For this, mixed-mode device/circuit simulation is used instead of measurements, since the latter would give too large errors for the fast transients of interest. It is demonstrated that-in contrast to the obsolete but frequently used SPICE Gummel/Poon model-the new HICUM is well suited for modeling very-high-speed transistor operation also at high current densities. Moreover, it is shown that at very fast transients the influence of NQS effects can no longer be neglected. As a practical application example, a high-speed E2CL circuit is simulated using the new model. The results show again that high-current models are very useful for designing IC's at maximum operating speed. This is because the optimum emitter size is often the minimum size, which is limited by high-current effects. Especially, in the case of current spikes (e.g., in emitter followers) it is difficult to find the optimum emitter size without having adequate transistor models

Published in:

Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:30 ,  Issue: 5 )