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Effects of two-way decorrelation on radar detection in scintillation

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1 Author(s)
Dana, R.A. ; Mission Res. Corp., Santa Barbara, CA, USA

A 3 dB gain in average signal-to-noise ratio of a monostatic radar operating in scintillation has recently been established both theoretically and observationally. The statistics of two-way scintillation are derived here for the case where the uplink and downlink both experience Rayleigh fading and where there is arbitrary correlation between the scintillation on the two paths. These statistics are then used to compute radar detection curves. A surprising result is obtained. The probability of detection is only weakly dependent (for P D in the range 0.1 to 0.9) on the degree of uplink-downlink correlation in the scintillation when the average (nonfading) signal-to-noise ratio is constant and when proper account is taken of the change in mean power between the monostatic and bistatic cases. Much larger differences are seen in the detection curves with scintillation compared with nonfading curves (for P D equal to 0.7 this scintillation loss is about 7 dB). Thus the difference in detection performance of monostatic and bistatic radars is determined primarily by the difference in the radar cross section (RCS) of the target for the two cases.<>

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 2 )