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Experimental characterization of non-directed indoor infrared channels

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3 Author(s)
Kahn, J.M. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., California Univ., Berkeley, CA, USA ; Krause, W.J. ; Carruthers, J.B.

We have experimentally characterized nondirected indoor channels that use intensity modulation and direct detection of an infrared carrier at a wavelength of 832 nm. At several locations in each of five different rooms, we have studied line-of-sight and diffuse link configurations, with and without shadowing, amounting to a total of approximately 100 different channels. We have measured channel frequency responses over the 2-300 MHz range by using a swept-modulation frequency technique, and from these data, we have computed channel impulse responses, path losses and r.m.s. delay spreads. Using channel impulse responses, we have calculated power penalties induced by multipath intersymbol interference in baseband on-off-keyed links operating at bit rates of 10, 30 and 100 Mb/s, considering unequalized links and those employing zero-forcing decision-feedback equalization. Unshadowed line-of-sight configurations generally have smaller path losses, r.m.s. delay spreads and power penalties than their unshadowed diffuse counterparts. Shadowed line-of-sight configurations, however, generally exhibit larger values of all three parameters than the corresponding shadowed diffuse configurations. We show that among the channels measured here, there is a strong correspondence between channel r.m.s. delay spread and multipath power penalty. Finally, we provide an analysis indicating why non-directed infrared channels using intensity modulation and direct detection do not exhibit multipath fading, and justifying their representation as linear, time-invariant systems.<>

Published in:

Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 2/3/4 )