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A performance analysis of a digital PLL based MPSK demodulator

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2 Author(s)
Fitz, M.P. ; Sch. of Electr. Eng., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, USA ; Cramer, R.J.-M.

This paper presents a generalized nonlinear (Markov) analysis technique that is used to evaluate the statistical performance of uniformly sampled digital phase-locked loop (DPLL) demodulators. This paper characterizes the first-order, decision-directed DPLL based demodulator as a Markov chain. Traditional analytical techniques are used to evaluate the steady-state statistical performance. Numerical results for the steady-state density function are derived for BPSK, QPSK, and 8PSK. The resulting steady-state bit error probabilities for these modulations are also calculated. Traditional Markov analytical techniques (absorbing boundaries) permit a numerical evaluation of the transient characteristics of the DPLL. The numerical work focuses on loops for both unmodulated and BPSK, QPSK, and 8PSK modulated input signals. The transient characteristics are shown to be a function of the loop bandwidth but converge to those predicted by a diffusion analysis as the loop bandwidth decreases. The susceptibility of small bandwidth loops to hangup is shown to be the largest reason for the acquisition performance difference. The cycle slipping characterization for MPSK modulated signals is also a function of the loop bandwidth and each increase (doubling) of the modulation alphabet size reduces the slipping performance by approximately 6 dB.<>

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Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 2/3/4 )