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Synchronization requirements for multi-user OFDM on satellite mobile and two-path Rayleigh fading channels

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2 Author(s)
Wei, L. ; Res. Sch. of Inf. Sci. & Eng., Australian Nat. Univ., Canberra, ACT, Australia ; Schlegel, C.

The performance of multi-user orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) with raised cosine time domain pulse shaping is studied on the satellite mobile channel (SMC) and the two-path Rayleigh fading channel. A multi-user time and carrier frequency synchronization scheme is discussed. The relationship between the synchronization requirement and the roll-off rate (/spl beta/) of the pulse shaping is explored. In Gaussian and typical Rician (K=10) channels, multi-user OFDM with /spl beta/=0.2 requires timing and carrier frequency synchronization accuracies of 4% and 2%, respectively, in order to avoid severe degradation due to multi-user adjacent channel interference, while on the two-path Rayleigh channel these values must be better than 2% for error floors less than 10/sup -3/. Timing and carrier frequency accuracies are normalized to T and 1/T respectively, where T is the symbol duration. Multi-user OFDM is less affected by the multipath time delay and slightly more severely affected by the Doppler frequency shift than traditional FDM with root Nyquist filtering (FDM/RNF) for the same value of /spl beta/.<>

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Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 2/3/4 )