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A Kalman filter-based architecture for interference excision

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2 Author(s)
Kozminchuk, B.W. ; Defence Res. Establ., Ottawa, Ont., Canada ; Sheikh, A.U.H.

This paper presents a novel Kalman filtering approach to the suppression of narrowband interference from direct sequence spread spectrum communications systems. The approach is based on the digital phase-locked loop Kalman filter. Because the interference is assumed to be much stronger than either the signal or noise, the Kalman filter locks onto a function related to the interference. The net result is an estimate of the phase of the interference and its envelope. Though more optimum for interferer's of constant envelope, the algorithm is characterized as a function of the Kalman filter parameters through computer simulation for narrowband Gaussian noise interference. Examples of the phase- and envelope-tracking capabilities of the algorithm are presented, followed by bit error rate curves for interference bandwidths ranging from 0.5% to 5.0% of the chip rate of the spread spectrum signal.<>

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Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 2/3/4 )