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Application of robust sequential edge detection and linking to boundaries of low contrast lesions in medical images

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5 Author(s)
L. Liu ; Dept. of Radiol., Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; P. H. Bland ; D. M. Williams ; B. G. Schunck
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An algorithm for the optimal edge contour estimation in medical images without a priori shape models is described. The proposed method is an intermediate-level approach compared with the usual low-level edge-detection operators. An optimal and robust contour estimator is derived by the minimization of a risk function which measures the error from both an inappropriate choice of edge contour and an inappropriate choice of the noise model in the image. The result includes Huber's function. If a parametric statistical noise model and the Neyman-Pearson criterion are used, the result is an extension of maximum-likelihood function. A recursive formulation can be implemented by assuming an independent random field and a Markov path model. The assumption of independent statistics can be satisfied by the use of an autoregressive moving-average preprocessor. The problem of varying edge strength is lessened using an adaptive trimmed mean. The robust algorithm is implemented using a priority-tree (stack) structure. The system's performance is illustrated by estimation of lesion boundaries in medical images

Published in:

Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 1989. Proceedings CVPR '89., IEEE Computer Society Conference on

Date of Conference:

4-8 Jun 1989