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Repeat-pass SAR interferometry over forested terrain

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3 Author(s)
Hagberg, J.O. ; Dept. of Radio & Space Sci., Chalmers Univ. of Technol., Goteborg ; Ulander, L.M.H. ; Askne, J.

Repeat-pass synthetic aperture radar (SAR) interferometry provides the possibility of producing topographic maps and geocoded as well as radiometrically calibrated radar images. However, the usefulness of such maps and images depends on our understanding of how different types of terrain affect the radar measurements. It is essential that the scene coherence between passes is sufficient. In this paper, the authors derive a general system model including both radar system and scene scattering properties. The model is used to interpret measurements over a forested area where the scene coherence varies between 0.2 and 0.5. The coherence is found to be sensitive to temperature changes around 0°C but surprisingly insensitive to wind speed. The interferometric height discontinuity at the forest to open-field boundary shows good agreement with in situ tree height measurements. For a dense boreal forest, but is observed to decrease for a less dense forest. This suggests the possibility of estimating bole volume from the interferometric tree height and a ground DEM. The decrease of scene coherence over a dense forest with increasing baseline is also used to estimate the effective scattering layer thickness

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:33 ,  Issue: 2 )

Date of Publication:

Mar 1995

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