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Perturbation analysis of an energy-balance model: time constants of low-current cascade arcs in argon

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2 Author(s)
P. J. Seebacher ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Sydney Univ., NSW, Australia ; A. D. Stokes

A time-constant formula is derived from a perturbation analysis of an equilibrium energy-balance equation of arc plasmas. The formula gives the time constant associated with changes in arc quantities when the arc current is perturbed from its steady-state. The current perturbation is assumed to be very small and the mathematical approach assumes that the arc behavior is linear. This paper investigates how well a linear model describes the small-signal behavior of the arc. The derived formula gives an insight into which are properties are responsible for the dynamic behavior of the arc about its steady-state operating point. Application of the method has been illustrated with arcs in argon. Results calculated with the formula are compared to time-constants deduced from equilibrium model predictions of the decay in the electric field when the current is stepped

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science  (Volume:23 ,  Issue: 2 )