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Coupled finite-element/state-space modeling of turbogenerators in the abc frame of reference-the short-circuit and load cases including saturated parameters

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3 Author(s)
Chaudhry, S.R. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Clarkson Univ., Potsdam, NY, USA ; Ahmed-Zaid, S. ; Demerdash, N.A.

In this paper, a coupled finite-element/state space modeling technique is applied in the determination of the steady-state parameters of a 733 MVA turbogenerator in the abc frame of reference. In this modeling environment, the forward rotor stepping-finite element procedure described in a companion paper is used to obtain the various machine self and mutual inductances under short-circuit and load conditions. A fourth-order state-space model of the armature and field winding flux linkages in the abc frame of reference is then used to obtain the next set of flux linkages and forcing function currents for the finite-element model. In this process, one iterates between the finite-element and state-space techniques until the terminal conditions converge to specified values. This method is applied to the determination of the short-circuit, and reduced- and rated-voltage load characteristics, and the corresponding machine inductances. The spatial harmonics of these inductances are analyzed via Fourier analysis to reveal the impact of machine geometry and stator-to-rotor relative motion, winding layout, magnetic saturation, and other effects. In the full-load infinite-bus case, it is found that, while the three-phase terminal voltages are pure sinusoidal waveforms, the steady-state armature phase currents are nonsinusoidal and contain a substantial amount of odd harmonics which cannot be obtained using the traditional two-axis analysis

Published in:

Energy Conversion, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 1 )