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Influence of imbalance on distortion in optical push-pull frontends

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1 Author(s)
M. Hagensen ; Electromagn. Inst., Tech. Univ. Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark

The influence of imbalance on second-order intermodulation distortion (IMD2) in optical push-pull frontends for subcarrier multiplex CATV applications is investigated theoretically and experimentally. The investigation focuses on imbalance introduced in either the photodiode, the push-pull amplifier, or the output balun, and expressions describing the overall IMD2 cancellation efficiency are derived. The developed theory is used to predict the IMD2 cancellation behavior of an optical push-pull frontend. Commercially available PIN photodiodes for CATV purposes and ferrite core transformers are characterised for phase and amplitude balance up to 1 GHz. The overall IMD2 cancellation efficiency of an optical push-pull frontend based on the best of these devices is calculated. The theory is finally verified experimentally with an optical push-pull frontend designed with the characterised photodiode and transformer. The improvement in IMD2 suppression obtained with the push-pull structure relative to a single-ended structure is in average 29 dB across the band from 47-862 MHz. The total IMD2 suppression obtained for the frontend is between 60 dBc and 79 dBc at an average optical input power of 1 mW and with an optical modulation index (OMI) of 35 percent per carrier in a two-tone setup,

Published in:

Journal of Lightwave Technology  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 4 )