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Air-fuel ratio control in spark-ignition engines using estimation theory

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4 Author(s)
Chen-Fang Chang ; Dept. of Engine Res., Gen. Motors Corp., Warren, MI, USA ; N. P. Fekete ; A. Amstutz ; J. D. Powell

Increasingly strict emission standards require very accurate and fast air-fuel (A/F) ratio control. Theory, implementation, and experiments for a model-based A/F ratio control system using state-space control and estimation methods are presented. An excellent match of the in-cylinder A/F ratio with the desired A/F ratio can be achieved in spite of the time delay in the system. This is accomplished by compensating the air dynamics with a drive-by-wire throttle supported feedforward control, and the fuel dynamics with an observer-based feedback control. For fast correction of steady-state system errors, the control law is extended by learning control. The proposed method is applicable to multicylinder production engines. Experimental validation is made on a single-cylinder research engine, with A/F ratio feedback from either a linear or a nonlinear exhaust gas oxygen sensor

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 1 )